The brilliant camharr and I were having a conversation about Lois McMaster Bujold’s work, and she said something so resonant and on-point I had to share it (hopefully she’ll find time to blog her own thoughts about it at some point). In an interview, Bujold makes a great point about how non-universal Campbell’s “Hero’s Journey” actually is (Campbell apparently knew squat about women’s lives and made the typical male academic mistake of assuming that men’s experience is human experience full stop; we’ll leave aside for now all the other reasons the monomyth is crap). In the hero’s journey, the hero goes out into the world, does some stuff, and comes back home. But Bujold points out that given the exogamous nature of most cultures, the heroine goes out into the world, and keeps going.
And then Cameron gave the most succinct and lovely summation of a heroine’s journey archetype I’ve heard yet:
“Woman loses everything she thinks she needs, discovers her own power, and builds a family who will fight with her to the bitter end.”
Reminds me of a great article I read once about Buffy (and yes, Buffy had its problems, and yes, there are a lot of issues with Joss Whedon’s takes on female heroes, BUT). It pointed out the whole archetype of the hero as lone gunslinger, who protects the community but cannot be part of it, and who must ultimately go it alone to retain his heroic status, and described how Buffy subverts this. Spike articulates it when he notes that Buffy is different — stronger and more resilient — than other Slayers because she has a team around her, and it’s when she tries to go it alone that she (and, I think, the show) falls short. Buffy ultimately embodies a different sort of heroic archetype, one that certainly isn’t exclusively feminine, but I think speaks to more women’s experiences:
The hero is someone who builds and is the center of the heroic family.
The family may be blood relatives, it may be teammates or coworkers, it may be a group of friends or a biker gang. But it’s a collection of people that together function in the hero role.
Art by Howard David Johnson.
Here is the interview Jessica refers to. Spoilers only start in the Q&A portion, halfway down the page.
And I would like to write about the heroine’s journey at some point. Just muddling through my thoughts (and other commitments!) first.
Yes. So much, yes.
This is really really interesting.
I’ve always held Joseph Campbell in high suspicion. One pretty good theory on story structure ought not dictate the limitations of every story written since (glances sidelong at Hollywood). For one thing, I suspect there’s a European bias to the Hero’s Journey, and a pre-Modern romantic bias, and as this post makes clear, there is definitely a male bias. Much like Campbell’s Hero’s Journey, this new theory cuts deep. Of COURSE it makes sense for a “typical historically relevant heroine’s journey” to involve being cut off from her community and compelled to build a new one from scratch. This is a typical chain of events in pre-Modern times.
Except, of course, that the usual caveats still apply. There can never be just one story. For example, this Heroine’s Journey doesn’t make sense in a matrilocal society (like the Mayans or the Iroquois), where the men are the ones thrown out of the family and compelled to join someone else’s household. It might not make sense in a modern context, where the rules are what we make them.
So, to sum up, there are not two but three types of stories in the world:
1.) A man goes on a journey (he, or she, leaves the community on an important quest, and can finally return home alone and tired when that quest is done)
2.) A stranger comes to town (and messes stuff up by working against entirely just societal norms, the stranger must ultimately be thrown out of the community by one or more heroic people, or else that community is done)
3.) A woman leaves home and must start over (she, or he, loses everything, and must be resourceful in gathering a new community together from scratch for mutual protection)
4.) I said there were three but I lied, because why should there only be three stories in the world.
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People do this to me so often I have to wonder if smoking is a habit like nail biting where the person is not consciously aware that a cigarette is moving toward their face and being lit.
Chiune Sugihara. This man saved 6000 Jews. He was a Japanese diplomat in Lithuania. When the Nazis began rounding up Jews, Sugihara risked his life to start issuing unlawful travel visas to Jews. He hand-wrote them 18 hrs a day. The day his consulate closed and he had to evacuate, witnesses claim he was STILL writing visas and throwing from the train as he pulled away. He saved 6000 lives. The world didn’t know what he’d done until Israel honored him in 1985, the year before he died.
Why can’t we have a movie about him?
He was often called “Sempo”, an alternative reading of the characters of his first name, as that was easier for Westerners to pronounce.
His wife, Yukiko, was also a part of this; she is often credited with suggesting the plan. The Sugihara family was held in a Soviet POW camp for 18 months until the end of the war; within a year of returning home, Sugihara was asked to resign - officially due to downsizing, but most likely because the government disagreed with his actions.
He didn’t simply grant visas - he granted visas against direct orders, after attempting three times to receive permission from the Japanese Foreign Ministry and being turned down each time. He did not “misread” orders; he was in direct violation of them, with the encouragement and support of his wife.
He was honoured as Righteous Among the Nations in 1985, a year before he died in Kamakura; he and his descendants have also been granted permanent Israeli citizenship. He was also posthumously awarded the Life Saving Cross of Lithuania (1993); Commander’s Cross Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (1996); and the Commander’s Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta (2007). Though not canonized, some Eastern Orthodox Christians recognize him as a saint.
Sugihara was born in Gifu on the first day of 1900, January 1. He achieved top marks in his schooling; his father wanted him to become a physician, but Sugihara wished to pursue learning English. He deliberately failed the exam by writing only his name and then entered Waseda, where he majored in English. He joined the Foreign Ministry after graduation and worked in the Manchurian Foreign Office in Harbin (where he learned Russian and German; he also converted to the Eastern Orthodox Church during this time). He resigned his post in protest over how the Japanese government treated the local Chinese citizens. He eventually married Yukiko Kikuchi, who would suggest and encourage his acts in Lithuania; they had four sons together. Chiune Sugihara passed away July 31, 1986, at the age of 86. Until her own passing in 2008, Yukiko continued as an ambassador of his legacy.
It is estimated that the Sugiharas saved between 6,000-10,000 Lithuanian and Polish Jewish people.
It’s a tragedy that the Sugiharas aren’t household names. They are among the greatest heroes of WWII. Is it because they were from an Axis Power? Is it because they aren’t European? I don’t know. But I’ve decided to always reblog them when they come across my dash. If I had the money, I would finance a movie about them.
He told an interviewer:
You want to know about my motivation, don’t you? Well. It is the kind of sentiments anyone would have when he actually sees refugees face to face, begging with tears in their eyes. He just cannot help but sympathize with them. Among the refugees were the elderly and women. They were so desperate that they went so far as to kiss my shoes, Yes, I actually witnessed such scenes with my own eyes. Also, I felt at that time, that the Japanese government did not have any uniform opinion in Tokyo. Some Japanese military leaders were just scared because of the pressure from the Nazis; while other officials in the Home Ministry were simply ambivalent.
People in Tokyo were not united. I felt it silly to deal with them. So, I made up my mind not to wait for their reply. I knew that somebody would surely complain about me in the future. But, I myself thought this would be the right thing to do. There is nothing wrong in saving many people’s lives….The spirit of humanity, philanthropy…neighborly friendship…with this spirit, I ventured to do what I did, confronting this most difficult situation—and because of this reason, I went ahead with redoubled courage.
He died in nearly complete obscurity in Japan. His neighbors were shocked when people from all over, including Israeli diplomatic personnel, showed up at quiet little Mr. Sugihara’s funeral.
So Paula Deen has a new cooking network. Not one show but a whole network. Tell me again about the poor racists having their lives ruined.
Paula Deen has taken more crap for being a fat woman who cooks with butter than she has for her extensive, documented racist work practices.
OK, so, I know I said the show should have ended with “One Son.” But I do love “Monday.” No doubt I will be importuning the public with a post about it soon, but for now, let me just say:
In “Monday,” Mulder and Scully are trapped in a repeating loop in which they live the same day over and…
I live in the USA & anyone can DEPOSIT money into an account as long as they have the appropriate routing numbers etc. It’s WITHDRAWING money that’s a different story.
About a third of the passengers killed on the Malaysian flight that was shot down yesterday were on their way to an international AIDS conference. They were scientists, researchers and activists, some of whom have already changed and saved thousands of lives with their work.
Bryan Fischer - the head of the American Family Association - is mad that Barack Obama acknowledged that. Here’s what Obama said (which, no, YOU’RE tearing up reading it!)
Let me close by making one additional comment. On board Malaysian Airlines Flight MH-17 there were apparently near 100 researchers and advocates traveling to an international conference in Australia dedicated to combating AIDS/HIV. These were men and women who had dedicated their own lives to saving the lives of others, and they were taken from us in a senseless act of violence.
In this world today we shouldn’t forget that in the midst of conflict and killing, there are people like these, people who are focused on what can be built rather than what can be destroyed, people who are focused on how they can help people that they’ve never met, people that define themselves not by what makes them different from other people but by the humanity that we hold in common. It’s important for us to lift them up and to affirm their lives. And it’s time for us to heed their example.
The United States of America is going to continue to stand for the basic principle that people have the right to live as they choose, that nations have the right to determine their own destiny, and that when terrible events like this occur, the international community stands on the side of justice and on the side of truth.
Wonkette did a roundup of some of the medical advancements the people on that plane helped create, including antiretrovirals to reduce mother-child spread of HIV/AIDS and access to treatment in developing nations. And of course, they’ve affected the lives of millions of gay men who have contracted the disease. Who are just as worthy of medical care as anyone else. Who were ignored by Reagan when the HIV outbreak first happened, which actually made the disease spread farther and faster before anyone knew how it was transmitted. Who are motherfucking human beings, much to the dismay of the American Family Association.
Obviously we all knew the AFA was a piece of shit. In case you were wondering - since it’s been a while since we heard from them, what with same-sex marriage getting legalized in a new state every week or so - in case you were wondering whether they were still homophobic pieces of shit, yes, yes they are.
Nothing about that tweet says “Christian values.” NOTHING.
Seriously and sadly, I was just waiting for the “God killed the researchers because AIDS was meant to punish sexual perversion” assholes to come crawling out of the woodwork. This is pretty close.
How many women can you guess? Do you remember/know what each one of them did/discovered?
Once you make your guess, head over to All Science, All the Time to see if you were right:http://ow.ly/pXjrG
Oh wow, that’s AN AWESOME LIST OF WHITE WOMEN SCIENTISTS! But how could you forget:
Asima Chatterjee: The awesome Indian woman who help discover drugs we use to treat cancer, malaria, and epilepsy!
Chien-Shiung Wu: THE FIRST LADY OF PHYSICS?!
Ellen Ochoa: The first Latina in SPACE! AND the First Latina Director of the Johnson Space Center.
Oo, and don’t forget!!
Flossie Wong-Staal: The woman that successfully map HIV and pave the way to prove that HIV causes AIDS.
Mae Jemison: First Black woman IN SPACE!!! And worked the first flight into space after the Challenger Accident.
But don’t stop!
Patricia Bath: The First Black woman doctor awarded a patent for a medical device: a laser that removes cataracts! (Fancy that!)
AND THE BOSSEST!
Shirley Ann Jackson: The first Black woman to earn a PhD from MIT in nuclear physics.
Hot damn! Women of Color in Science!!!
reblogging solely for the criticisms and shade.
I’m fucking cackling
People are getting angry at Beyonce for posing as Rosie the Riveter because apparently Rosie is ‘unfeminist’ and classist.
And while I can understand the reasoning behind people being reluctant to take to Rosie as a feminist iconic figure, I think a lot of critics are missing the point of what…
Could someone explain to me how Rosie the Riveter is “classist”? The women portrayed as various Rosies were working class women doing manual labor.
via bookporn:Threats and Warnings on BookplatesIt was traditional, particularly before the invention of the printing press when books were all hand written manuscripts, to letter a curse into the book to prevent theft. Unfortunately, it doesn’t seem to have worked very well, as the books also had to be chained into place. Even chains had limited effect. Witness the many ancient libraries where there are still chains in place… but no books.Here are a few examples:Thys boke is one
And God’s curse another;
They that take the one
God geve them the other.
He who steals this book
may he die the death
may he be frizzled in a pan…
This present book legible in scripture
Here in this place thus tacched with a cheyn
Purposed of entent for to endure
And here perpetuelli stylle to remeyne
Fro eyre to eyre wherfore appone peyn
Of cryst is curs of faders and of moderes
Non of hem hens atempt it to dereyne
Whille ani leef may goodeli hange with oder.
Steal not this Book my honest Friend
For fear the Galows should be your hend,
And when you die the Lord will say
And wares the Book you stole away?A variation on the same theme:Steal not this book, my worthy friend
For fear the gallows will be your end;
Up the ladder, and down the rope,
There you’ll hang until you choke;
Then I’ll come along and say -
"Where’s that book you stole away?"From the Monastery of San Pedro, Barcelona, a blanket curse for the entire library…(I really wish this one existed, but unfortunately, it appears that it is apocryphal — there is no monastery in San Pedro. It’s so nasty though that I include it anyway.)For him that Stealeth a Book from this Library,
Let it change into a Serpent in his hand & rend him.
Let him be struck with Palsy, & all his Members blasted.
Let him languish in Pain crying aloud for Mercy,
Let there be no Surcease to his Agony till he sink to Dissolution.
Let Bookworms gnaw his Entrails in token of the Worm that dieth not,
When at last he goeth to his final Punishment,
Let the flames of hell consume him for ever & aye.”
(source: Littera Scripta).
Lew Jaffe, from Confessions of a Bookplate Junkie, shared his collection of bookplate threats and warnings done by different artists.
1. Lloyd Douglas. 2. Marion Nutt. 3. Stanley Dressler Lovegrove. 4. Malcolm M. Ferguson. 5. Philip Reed. 6. Artist unknown.
"I should warn you, however, that I have several volumes devoted to curses for people who don’t return books.” “I’d like to borrow those, too.” ― Steven Brust (Morrolan e’Drien, Vlad Taltos; Dragon)
I used to write “This Book Stolen From Brigid Lastname” in my books before lending them to people. I got MOST of them back.
I’ve heard exclusionary, eradicating, and erasing, and you know what? Same difference.
By excluding trans women from feminism, one is effectively eradicating them. By saying “I don’t care about the violence you face as a trans woman” either through disbelief or ignoring their situation, one becomes part of the system that perpetuates that violence. By saying trans women are “really men,” that’s actively harmful. By saying trans women’s issues are irrelevant to feminism, that’s actively harmful. Whether by their own hand or someone else’s, trans people in general and trans women in particular face an amount of violence that we can’t exclude from the issues of the feminist movement, can’t erase from the feminist movement, without the result being effectively eradicating them.
It is hateful to tell trans women that they aren’t women. It’s just as bad as telling lesbians we just need a good dicking or telling women to get back in the kitchen. Bigotry is bigotry. I’m sure your friends have some other wonderful qualities, but that particular one is incredibly ugly and don’t make excuses for it.
so wait on the one hand they’re saying the gender is a social construct, but on the other hand they’re saying trans women are “really” men? sure, sounds legit
There are a lot of TERFs, including ones that get paid to speak/write and are considered spokespersons for TERFs/Feminism In General, who go out of their way to advocate violence against transwomen including harassing them at home and work to get them fired/evicted. TERFs work hard to exclude transwomen from all aspects of feminism, and many of them also work hard to literally physically put them in danger by outing them. If that’s not hateful, I really don’t know what is. I mean, telling a woman that she isn’t a woman is hateful in and of itself. That’s just utterly awful. But to further wage campaigns of aggression against them? That’s, like, the definition of hateful.
If women and minorities taking on major superhero character roles (while the main characters are still prominently featured and going on new journeys) is offensive to you: PLEASE JUST UNFOLLOW THIS BLOG. No need to reblog me just to complain about “political correctness” and “pandering” and both of them being “shoved down your throat.” Write your own post. I’m not interested in your note.
On the subject of Falcap, specifically: Were you whining when Bucky Barnes took over the job? Do you even read the comics? You loved Captain America: The Winter Soldier, though, right? So maybe there’s a reason why this particular change is getting under your skin. Sam Wilson will be the seventh person in Marvel Universe continuity to be called Captain America. And he’ll be awesome.
If you can’t like Captain America anymore because he’s black, there’s a word for that.
Become a member at http://lakota.cc/1kvf8ka. This is just an example of the corruption that South Dakota DSS perpetuates. Learn more about the Mette Case at http://lakotalaw.org/special-reports/the-mette-affair. There are many stories like this, which is why we are assisting the Lakota tribes to create their own foster care system.
Free the Mette Children!
The South Dakota Dept. of Social Services placed 7 Lakota foster
children into foster care with a non-Native, known molester.
In what appears to be a common situation, the state of South Dakota placed 7 Lakota children into a foster family with a known molester, Richard Mette, and his enabling wife, Wendy Mette, from 2000 to 2013. The DSS knew of the accusations against Mr. Mette, but still placed Lakota foster children with him.
The state ignored MULTIPLE complaints of sexual and physical
abuse, and pleas for help from the children.
1. In 2001, the state ignored the foster boys’ complaints of molestation, and simply made the Mette adoptive parents sign a contract pledging to discontinue any illegal behavior.
2. In 2007, one of the girls told the police how she was sexually molested by Mr. Mette. She reported that Mrs. Mette knew about the molestations. Again, the DSS defended the Mette foster parents, and allowed the children to stay in the home.
3. Afterwards, Kelly, the older foster sister who had aged out of the Mette foster family, was getting reports from her younger siblings that the sexual and physical abuse was increasing and intensifying. She reported this to the South Dakota DSS, who ignored it and said they did not believe the children.
Yankton Doctor sees bruises and reports abuse. In October 2010, the only boy among the Mette foster siblings at that time went to see a doctor at the Human Services Center in Yankton, S.D. The child, covered with bruises, disclosed abuse occurring in his adoptive home. He also detailed how Richard Mette, the adoptive father, was molesting the girls. The doctor contacted the authorities at once.
Brandon Taliaferro, the Assistant State’s Attorney responsible for criminal child abuse cases in Brown County, immediately began an investigation.
The police search the Mette house and find more evidence of sexual abuse, including enough pornography to “pack a store”, including “family incest” porn.
The children revealed they had been subjected to physical abuse, sexual molestation and threats of being beaten if they did not comply with the molestation or if they told anyone. In addition, the children explained that they were often given a choice between “b***jobs or beatings”.
The children say they were forced to watch incest porn with Mr. Mette. The children were told that the porn, with titles like “Family Heat”, is how families are supposed to act.
The disgusted police charged Mr. Mette with 23 counts of child rape and incest, and Mrs. Mette with 11 counts of physical abuse and enabling.
The State prosecutor, however, first attempted to drop all charges, and charged sexual predator Mr. Mette with only one count of “spanking”.
When the State was not allowed to do this, they decided to charge Mr. Mette with only one count of rape of a child under 10. The other 22 charges of aggravated child rape and incest were
The State then dropped all charges against Mrs. Mette, who the children said knew about and enabled the abuse.
Children are now back with Mrs. Mette, where they can’t sue the State DSS. As the state’s DCI agent explained, South Dakota fears that they will face an expensive lawsuit by the seven Lakota foster children whose complaints of sexual abuse were ignored by the state
for 10 years. Since they are now minors in the custody of Wendy Mette, the person who enabled the abuse, they cannot sue the state without her permission and support.
What can we do?
Please call Tony West, the Associate Attorney General of the United States, and let him know that the federal Department of Justice needs to Free the Mette Children immediately!
Learn more: www.lakotalaw.org/special-reports/the-mette-affair
SIGNAL. FUCKING. BOOST.
This is fucking ATROCIOUS. What the everloving fuck????